Top Coursera Specialization courses

Learn SQL Tutorial for Beginners!

Part: Distinct queries


Distinct queries enable us count the number of unique values in a table or in a grouped set of rows.

To do this, we can use the DISTINCT directive. A DISTINCT query will return a de-duplicated set of entries, if all of the columns for two or more rows exactly match.

An example of where this can be useful is when we want to get the list of people

Let’s look at some examples:

    
    .exec
    CREATE TABLE grades (name TEXT, subject TEXT, grade INTEGER);
    
    INSERT INTO grades (name, subject, grade) VALUES
        ("John", "CompSci", 97), ("Eric", "CompSci", 88), ("Carol", "Arts", 99),
        ("John", "History", 93), ("Andrew", "History", 82), ("Eric", "History", 87),  
        ("Steve", "Physics", 91), ("John", "Physics", 84), ("Barney", "Physics", 97);

    SELECT "all names", COUNT(name) FROM grades;
    SELECT "unique names", COUNT(DISTINCT name) FROM grades;
    SELECT DISTINCT name FROM grades;

A DISTINCT query is very similar to a GROUP BY clause with all of the columns selected inside the clause. This effectively causes all identical rows to be grouped together. The difference between a GROUP BY query and a DISTINCT query is that you cannot count the number of identical occurrences have been identified for each row with a DISTINCT query. However, it is more efficient than a GROUP BY query most of the times.

This tutorial is based on Interactive Tutorials license


If you want to submit a tutorial, please do contact us via info at coursesim.

If you want to report a tutorial please contact us in the same way as above so we can adjust or take it down.